The periodontal is an unpleasant disease that can cause your teeth to fall. Also known as periodontal disease, it affects 8 people sue 10. Well cared for, it remains benign. It is much less known than gingivitis but is not a rare disease.
Periodontology in detail
Periodontitis is an infection of the periodontium, that is tissues that support our teeth (gum, alveolar ligament). It is due to bacteria that have accumulated. Periodontal disease causes the bone around the teeth to be destroyed as and when. If she is not treated, she will cause a loss of teeth.
This disease can affect one or more teeth or touch the entire mouth. We talk about so-called aggressive periodontitis in some cases, when the situation worsens (abscess). The gum then swells, and this is very painful. In dentistry, periodontics deals with the prevention and treatment of diseases that affect the gums. It is important to know this disease.
What are the causes ?
The plaque that is deposited on the tooth is the main culprit. It is, therefore, necessary at all costs to eliminate dental plaque so that it does not become tartar. Inflammation of the gums could then appear: gingivitis.
Risk factors for periodontal disease
The risks are numerous:
- Poor teeth hygiene
- A virus infection
- The stress
- The age
The symptoms of periodontosis are:
- Bleeding gums
- Swelling of the gums
- Teeth moving
- Bad breath
- Bad taste in the mouth
If you have any of these symptoms, it is important to consult.
How to treat periodontics?
The first thing to do and go see a dentist. A descaling will be recommended in most cases. Thorough gum cleaning will also be done. In general, this is enough. There are, unfortunately, cases where the treatment is not enough. Then it is necessary to resort to surgery under three techniques: sanitation flap, tissue regeneration, bone filling.
How to prevent periodontal disease?
There are simple habits to take, such as having perfect dental hygiene (brushing your teeth twice a day). The goal is to eliminate all plaque. Do not forget to visit the dentist once or twice a year.
Complications are possible
It is rare to have some, but it is important to know them. In 80% of cases, there is a favorable evolution for the patient. However, aggressive periodontitis can lead to loss of teeth. You will need to consult a dentist at the slightest bleeding to manage. In conclusion, take into account that periodontics is an important phenomenon that must be treated with care.